ARABIAN SOCIETY
IN THE MIDDLE AGES
STUDIES FROM
THE THOUSAND AND ONE NIGHTS
BY
EDWARD WILLIAM LANE
EDITED BY
STANLEY LANE-POOLE

INTRODUCTION BY
C. E. BOSWORTH
CURZON PRESS : LONDON
HUMANITIES PRESS : NEW JERSEY
 
 
 
CONTENTS.
CHAPTER I.
RELIGION.
PAGE
Articles of Faith — Predestination — Ritual and Moral Laws: prayer, almsgiving, fasting, pilgrimage, etc. — Civil Laws: marriage, divorce, inheritance, manumission — Criminal Laws : murder, retaliation, theft, etc. — Religious Festivals
1

CHAPTER II.
DEMONOLOGY.
PAGE
Angels and Jinn (Genii) — Various kinds of Jinn — Preadamite Jinn — History of Iblees — Long life of the Jinn and manner of death ; assumed shapes — A Jinneeyeh wife — Spirits of the whirlwind and waterspout — Abodes of the Jinn — Solomon's power over them — Ghools and other inferior orders
... 25

CHAPTER III.
SAINTS.
PAGE
Welees and their K·ut·bs — El-Khid·r and Elias — Miracles — In- fluence — Self-denial and asceticism — Two authentic saints — General habits — A historical saint — Pilgrimage to the tombs — Annual festivals — A Zikr performed by Darweeshea — A Khatmeh — Religious murder
... 47
xvi
CONTENTS
     
CHAPTER IV.
MAGIC.
PAGE
Spiritual magic, divine or satanic — Babel — Hároot and Mároot — Enchantment — Divination — Astrology — Geomancy — Augur- ation — Chiromancy — Omens — Dreams — A dream of the Great Plague, 1835 — Lucky and unlucky days — Natural magic — Alchymy — The magician S·ádoomeh and his miracles
80

CHAPTER V.
COSMOGRAPHY.
PAGE
The seven Heavens — Paradise — Form and divisions of the earth — The Sea of Darkness — Fountain of Life — Mountains of K·áf — The lower earths — What the earth stands on — The stages of Hell
97

CHAPTER VI.
LITERATURE.
PAGE
The Heroic Age — 'Okad·h-The K·urán — The Middle Age — Corrupt dialects — 'Abd-el-Melik — Haroon Er-Rasheed and Abu-l'Atáhiyeh — The Barmekees — Dresses of honour — Two items in Hároon's account book — Rewards to poets — H·am- mád's good fortune — Reception of. Greek ambassadors by a Khaleefeh — A niggardly king outwitted — The decline of Arabian literature — Letters — The language of flowers, and emblematical conversation — Secret signs — El-Mutanebbee's warning — The language of birds and beasts
... 109

CHAPTER VII.
FEASTING AND MERRYMAKING.
PAGE
Muslim meals and mode of eating — Principal dishes — A typical feast — Public dinners — Clean and unclean meats — Drinks-Hospitality — Bread and salt — A thief thwarted — An Arabian room — A hall or saloon — The use of wine — Date wine, etc. — Prevalence of the habit of drinking wine in the present day and in history — A bout interrupted — Moderate drinking — Effects of wine — ' Abd-el-Melik and his slave — Preparations for a banquet — Fruits — A rose-lover — Favourite flowers — Music — Ibráheem El-Mós.ilee and Haroon Er- Rasheed — Ish·ák· El-Mós·ilee — Mukhárik· — Performers — Un- veiled women singers — Arab music — Lyric songs — Other amusements — The Bath — Hunting and hawking...
135
     
CONTENTS
xvii
CHAPTER VIII.
CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION.
PAGE
Ceremonies at birth, and on the seventh day — Giving the name — Sacrifice — Shaving the head — Suckling — Care of children — Evil eye — Respect for parents — The future state of children who die young — Early education of the father — Circumcision — Schools and teaching — Private tuition — Education of girls — Arab character ...
186

CHAPTER IX.
WOMEN.
PAGE
Love among Arabs — Three tales of true love — Umia-'Ami — The ideal of beauty — Coiffure — Gait — Woman's counsel — Mar- riage and divorce — Laws and general habits — Choice of a wife — Prohibited degrees — Cousins preferred — Ages — A wife's qualifications — Dowry — Marriage contract — Festivi- ties and ceremonies of marriage — Wedding horoscopes — Em- ployment of the h·areem — Polygamy and the Muslim social system in general — Affection between wives ...
207

CHAPTER X.
SLAVERY.
PAGE
Conditions, rights, and disabilities of slaves — Emancipation — White slaves — Treatment — The Prophet's injunctions — 'Othmán's compunction — Jaa·far's wife..
250


| TOC |
 

Bibliography:
(Lane has a bibliography at the end of the volume, but I've only handcopied some of the authors cited):
  • K·AZWENEE, EL. († 1283) Kitáb 'Ajáïb-el-Makhlook·át
  • W·ARDEE, IBN EL- († 1348) Khardeet El-'Ajáïb. MS. 44,46,98,101,103-105,107.
  • SHIH·NEH, IBN-ESH 92, 106, 217.